By Noel Burton-Roberts
This hugely profitable textual content has lengthy been thought of a typical creation to the sensible research of English sentence constitution. As in past variations, key thoughts reminiscent of constituency, classification and serve as are rigorously defined as they're brought. Tree diagrams are used all through to aid the reader visualise the hierarchical constitution of sentences. the ultimate bankruptcy units the research within the context of generative grammar.
In this 3rd edition, Analysing Sentences has been completely revised. It has an enticing new structure, extra examples, clearer motives and summaries of significant issues. an important switch matters the research of auxiliary verbs, which has been revised to convey it extra in accordance with present pondering.
Clear improvement from bankruptcy to bankruptcy, including the author’s obtainable sort, make this e-book compatible for readers without past adventure of sentence research. a realistic and reader-friendly textual content, it contains many in-text routines and end-of-chapter workouts, all with solutions, and additional routines, making it compatible for self-directed learn in addition to for taught classes.
Noel Burton-Roberts is Professor of English Language and Linguistics at Newcastle University. he's the writer of The Limits to discuss: a Revised concept of Semantic Presupposition (CUP 1989), the editor of Phonological wisdom: Conceptual and Empirical Issues (OUP 2000) and Pragmatics (Palgrave, 2007), and the writer of various articles on numerous elements of linguistics and the English language.
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Additional resources for Analysing Sentences
The same goes for there in [10b]: there doesn’t mention 1 It is analysis (a): Subject: [Old Sam] Predicate: [sunbathed beside a stream]. See also Further Exercise 3 in Chapter 1. 26 SUBJECT AND PREDICATE anything (it’s an expletive). Nevertheless, it is the subject of [10a] and there the subject of [10b] precisely because those expressions change position in the corresponding yes/no questions: [11a] [11b] Using this test, identify the subjects of the following sentences:  Some nasty accident could have occurred.
A temptation the question movement test will help you avoid is that of taking the first string of words that could be a subject as actually being the subject of the sentence you are considering. Look again at , , and .  begins with the sequence the clown,  with Elizabeth, and  with none of her attempts. All these expressions could be subjects (see – below); however they are not the subjects of –.  The clown refuses to perform.  Elizabeth excels at Real Tennis.
The new students are very worried is a sentence. Assume that it has two phrases as immediate constituents: the new students and are very worried. Furthermore, assume that the new students consists of the word the and the phrase new students. And that are very worried consists of the word are and the phrase very worried. Try drawing the phrase marker for the sentence in the light of all that. 23 2 Sentence structure: functions As I pointed out at the beginning of Chapter 1, understanding the structure of a sentence involves more than knowing what its constituents are.
Analysing Sentences by Noel Burton-Roberts