By Susan Welch
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Additional info for Affirmative Action and Minority Enrollments in Medical and Law Schools
By ethnicity. (Data from Statistical Abstract 1995. ) Education Primary and secondary education is another resource essential to college education. Before students can attend college, they need to complete high school. Here blacks are making steady gains (fig. 4). Whereas in 1960 only 20 percent of all black adults had graduated from high school, by 1994, 65 percent had. Unlike income gains, which stagnated in the late 1970s and early 1980s, education gains continued, so that even between 1980 and 1990 the proportion of black adults graduating from high school increased by 15 percent.
Supreme Court prepared to decide the case had been given coverage in higher-education publications such as the Chronicle of Higher Education. Conferences concerning Bakke's potential implications had been held even before the Court issued its ruling (Bakke and Beyond 1978). Despite the anticipation, some justices were dissatisfied with the factual record of the case and were inclined to hold it over until the 22 Affirmative Action and Minority Enrollments following term, when more information could be obtained.
College enrollment by ethnicity. ) 1994 46 Affirmative Action and Minority Enrollments However, decreasing income in the late 1980s appeared to have affected college choices among those who could attend. In the 1980s, increasing proportions of blacks chose two-year colleges over degreegranting four-year colleges, and an increasing number noted that they chose a college to attend on the basis of its low cost (Astin 1990). The proportion of black adults with college degrees has risen steadily since 1970, but the gap between the proportion of blacks and whites with college degrees has actually widened.
Affirmative Action and Minority Enrollments in Medical and Law Schools by Susan Welch