By Monica K. Miller, Brian H. Bornstein
This first quantity of an exhilarating annual sequence provides very important new advancements within the psychology in the back of concerns within the legislations and its purposes. mental idea is used to discover why many present criminal regulations and techniques will be useless or counterproductive, with particular emphasis on new findings on how witnesses, jurors, and suspects might be inspired, occasionally resulting in injustice. specialist students make innovations for advancements, suggesting either destiny instructions for learn inquiries on themes and wanted coverage alterations. issues incorporated during this preliminary supplying have infrequently been thought of in such an in-depth style or are wanting severe re-thinking:
- Interrogation of minority suspects: pathways to actual and fake confessions.
- A accomplished review of showups.
- The weapon concentration impression for individual identifications and descriptions.
- The psychology of felony jury directions.
- Structured possibility evaluate and felony selection making.
- Children’s participation in criminal lawsuits: rigidity, coping, and consequences.
- Sex criminal coverage and prevention.
- The psychology of tort law.
Demonstrating the scope and rigor that would symbolize the sequence, quantity 1 of Advances in Psychology and legislations will curiosity psychology and felony specialists in addition to practising psychologists, and may encourage clean pondering because the fields proceed to interact.
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Extra info for Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 1
Perceptions of law enforcement power, bias, and corruption. There can be a vast gulf between real provisions of the law versus actual enforcement and adherence to those laws among law enforcement and within the justice systems of the United States and other countries. Beliefs and expectations of both the absolute legal power and the legitimacy (adherence to actual laws, legal constraints, and citizen rights) of law enforcement can vary between countries of origin and between subgroups within a given country.
For example, Meissner and Kassin (2004) had trained detectives interrogate either innocent or guilty suspects that they were led to expect were probably either innocent or guilty. Interrogators questioning an innocent suspect that they expected to be guilty persisted longer in the interrogation and used more tactics to induce confession than those interrogating suspects in the remaining conditions. Importantly, these suspects were judged by uninvolved observers of the interrogations to be more guilty/deceptive.
These and other cultural issues can go unrecognized and feed misperceptions of deceptiveness. G. Villalobos and D. Davis Confirmation Biases and the Self-Fulfilling Prophecy in Assessments of Deception These fundamental problems with the actual meaning of cues interrogators are taught to use represent one class of problems that can selectively affect minorities. But additional sources of error and bias are inherent to the significant subjectivity in assessment of the cues one does endeavor to use (see Davis & Leo, 2014).
Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 1 by Monica K. Miller, Brian H. Bornstein