By Bengt Altenberg, Karin Aijmer
A ebook on language
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Extra resources for Advances in Corpus Linguistics: Papers from the 23rd International Conference on English Language Research on Computerized Corpora (ICAME 23) Göteborg 22-26 May 2002 (Language and Computers 49)
Following a grammar-predominant model, such as we have, glad will be classified as predicative without question on the basis of corpus evidence; the intuition may hold on fiercely to the few phrases that contravene this convention. A model which is more balanced between grammar and lexis should mediate successfully between these apparently opposed positions. It seems that glad is not alone in presenting a different pattern to the grammar and the lexis. The adjectives ill, safe and likely are all found predominantly in the predicative position, but it is easy to think up phrases where they are used attributively – an ill wind, ill effects; safe haven, safe sex; a likely story, a likely lad.
11 Most researchers are not language theorists, and they take on trust the software that is offered, and apply it 56 John Sinclair uncritically. Corpus-driven linguistics aims at developing the models so that they become more reliable; it is reasonable to suppose that as the models improve, the descriptive categories become more amenable to automation, and annotations – always optionally – could become associated with generic corpora. There is no space for me to illustrate these points with reference to actual cases, but I can refer the interested reader to my review of Biber et al (1999) published in IJCL 6/2 (Sinclair 2001).
1990) and his “data-driven learning”. Here the matter of motivation is on top, as it was found that learners have unbounded curiosity when they are allowed to interrogate corpora, and – apparently – natural learning mechanisms to profit from the curiosity. Francis (1993) shifted the focus to “corpus-driven grammar”, where “controlled” is perhaps the more appropriate gloss. The grammar should follow the corpus, accounting for as much as possible of the patterning, and being cautious in ascribing to the language a pattern that is not attested in the corpus.
Advances in Corpus Linguistics: Papers from the 23rd International Conference on English Language Research on Computerized Corpora (ICAME 23) Göteborg 22-26 May 2002 (Language and Computers 49) by Bengt Altenberg, Karin Aijmer