Read e-book online A Thematic Guide to Optimality Theory PDF

By John J. McCarthy

ISBN-10: 0521791944

ISBN-13: 9780521791946

This ebook describes Optimality concept from the head down, explaining and exploring the imperative premises of OT and the implications that stick with from them. Examples are drawn from phonology, morphology, and syntax, however the emphasis all through is at the conception instead of the examples, on figuring out what's certain approximately OT and on equipping readers to use it, expand it, and critique it of their personal components of curiosity. The book's assurance extends to paintings on first- and second-language acquisition, phonetics and sensible phonology, computational linguistics, ancient linguistics, and sociolinguistics. Chapters finish with wide feedback for additional interpreting, categorized via subject, and are supplemented by means of an immense bibliography (over 800 items).

Show description

Read or Download A Thematic Guide to Optimality Theory PDF

Best language & grammar books

Get Gesture, Segment, Prosody (Papers in Laboratory Phonology PDF

Laboratory phonology makes use of speech facts to investigate questions on the summary express buildings of phonology. This selection of papers generally addresses 3 such questions: What buildings underlie the temporal coordination of articulatory gestures? what's the right position of segments and lines in phonological description?

Social and Stylistic Variation in Spoken French: A - download pdf or read online

The purpose of this paintings is to ascertain the orientation of French audio system towards their common or non-local language, as proven through their behaviour on assorted degrees of linguistic research and in numerous speech types. the quantity additionally discusses the problems linked to employing phrases similar to "standard", "non-local", and "levelled" to the French language.

Language, Action and Context: The Early History of - download pdf or read online

The roots of pragmatics succeed in again to Antiquity, particularly to rhetoric as one of many 3 liberal arts. in spite of the fact that, till the tip of the 18th century proto-pragmatic insights tended to be consigned to the pragmatic, that's rhetoric, wastepaper basket and hence excluded from severe philosophical attention.

Download e-book for iPad: Linguistics of the Himalayas and Beyond by Bielmeier, Roland, Haller, Felix, Roland Bielmeier, Felix

The nearly 250 languages of the Tibeto-Burman relatives are spoken by way of sixty five million audio system in ten various nations together with Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma and China/Tibet. they're characterised by way of a desirable linguistic, old and cultural variety. The languages spoken within the Himalayas, on their southern slopes and at the excessive Tibetan plateau within the north represent the middle of this range.

Extra resources for A Thematic Guide to Optimality Theory

Example text

3 Constraint Interaction 29 (15) Cancellation/Domination Lemma (C/D Lemma) (paraphrased) Suppose two candidates A and B do not incur identical sets of violationmarks. Then A is more harmonic than B iff every uncanceled mark incurred by A is dominated by an uncanceled mark incurred by B. For A to beat B, every constraint favoring B over A must be dominated by some constraint favoring A over B. That's it. 1 how mark cancellation works. In a tableau that compares exactly two candidates, shared violation-marks can be safely deleted, since they make no contribution to the comparison.

1), but the formal constraint and the typological observation are two different things. This terminological ambiguity can be a source of considerable confusion. I once received the following advice from an anonymous referee for a prominent journal: My first comment addresses the discussion of segmental markedness: the primary evidence for markedness is implicational statements of the form: "If language L has structure A, it also has structure B". . In the absence of such implicational relations between A and B, there is no consensus on what should count as marked and why.

Another strategy is to seek confirmation for transitive rankings from direct arguments. If ranking arguments for [A » Bj and |B » C] have already been established, it is wise to look for an input-candidate pair that brings A and C into direct conflict. Unwelcome proof of [C » Aj would call the whole analysis into question. Failure to take this necessary step "invites theoretical disaster, public embarrassment, and unintended enrichment of other people's careers" (McCarthy and Prince 1993b: 12).

Download PDF sample

A Thematic Guide to Optimality Theory by John J. McCarthy

by Jason

Rated 4.14 of 5 – based on 30 votes