Read e-book online A Systemic-Structural Theory of Activity: Applications to PDF

By Gregory Bedny, Waldemar Karwowski

ISBN-10: 0849397642

ISBN-13: 9780849397646

ISBN-10: 1420009745

ISBN-13: 9781420009743

The final a number of many years have confirmed dramatic technological adjustments that impression paintings stipulations in all utilized domain names, together with production, transportation, and human-computer interactions. those alterations require new techniques to the learn of human functionality. job conception, particularly has turn into more and more well liked by those that examine human paintings dynamics.

A Systemic-Structural conception of job: purposes to Human functionality and paintings layout discusses basic job idea (AT) and introduces systematic structural job thought (SSAT) and its purposes to the learn of human paintings.

The publication comprises a number of sensible examples of systemic-structural conception of job analyses, together with a research of creation operations within the production atmosphere, procedure defense review, paintings development, gear layout, and robotic approach functionality. It additionally offers examples of the layout of human/computer interplay initiatives, education, potency, paintings motivation, fatigue, character, and person variety of functionality.

This e-book addresses the broad viewers of psychologists operating in fields akin to Industrial/Organizational Psychology, Experimental, and Cognitive Psychology. it could even be of use to computing device technology experts and different pros who learn human paintings task and schooling.

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Extra resources for A Systemic-Structural Theory of Activity: Applications to Human Performance and Work Design

Sample text

Activity is completed only when subjects evaluate the results in accordance with the established goal and criteria of success (Bedny and Meister, 1999). Subject-oriented activity refers to what is commonly called social interaction (obschenie). Social interaction may be presented as follows: Subject ↔ Tools ↔ Subject. Social interaction, or subject-oriented interactions, involves two or more subjects. Like object-oriented interaction, social interaction begins with a subject’s goals, orientation in the situation, and so on.

Functional systems are dynamic entities that are mobilized, formed, and disappear upon consummatory activities. Bernshtein was the other leading psychophysiologist who did fundamental research in the field of self-regulation. In the early 1920s, he worked in the Central Research Institute of Labor and then in the All Soviet Union Institute of Safety. He had a background in both medicine and mathematics. In the West he was known as a leader in the study of psychophysiological mechanisms of movement.

The more detailed and individualized this stage of analysis, the more complicated the procedures for studying activity. In those cases where the activity of the subject is accomplished in collaboration with others, the researcher studies the individual structure of activity of each subject and their relationships. In this case we study social interaction. The sociocultural and objectively logical approaches to activity study are used not only in psychology but also in sociological and philosophical research.

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A Systemic-Structural Theory of Activity: Applications to Human Performance and Work Design by Gregory Bedny, Waldemar Karwowski


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