By Wilkie, John Ritchie; Chambers, William Walker
This easy creation to the background of the German language seeks to supply scholars who've a few wisdom of recent German, yet no wisdom both of its improvement or of linguistic theories, with a quick account of the fundamental elements - chronological, geographical and linguistic - and their interrelation. the fabric is prepared in 3 components. the 1st lines the background of the German language from its origins in Indo-European during the pre-documentary Germanic interval and the center a long time to the current day. within the moment half the improvement of the German vocabulary.
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Extra info for A Short History of the German Language
R. W. Abbreviations Only grammatical and linguistic terms are included here; other abbreviations should be intelligible from the context. acc. accusative Alem. Alemannic Bav. Bavarian dat. dative EFranc. East Franconian Eng. English fem. feminine Fr. French Franc. Franconian gen. genitive Ger. German Gk. Greek Gmc. Germanic Goth. Gothic HG. High German IE. Indo-European infin. , Lat. Latin masc. masculine MG. Middle German MHG. Middle High German mod. modern neut. neuter NHG. New High German nom.
One, held mainly by some German scholars, looks to the north and north-east of Europe on the shores of the Baltic. The other favours an area north of the Black Sea and Caspian Sea. The latter may be preferable as pointing to a region more suitable for the development of a primitive civilization, though the linguistic evidence fits both tolerably well. Archaeology, which is now involved in the search, may in the end produce some significant material which can be associated with the Indo-Europeans and may thus point the way to a solution.
And from this important principle of one symbol (letter) to represent one sound the peoples of Europe and western Asia have never departed, though its practical application has often been wretchedly inadequate, as English spelling shows! The Semitic alphabet in its northern form consisted of twenty-two signs for consonants and none for vowels. , to the Greeks, who adapted some of the signs to represent vowels and added others for sounds unknown in Semitic, such as ph φ, ps ψ and ks ξ. This Greek alphabet is the parent of all alphabets in eastern and western Europe.
A Short History of the German Language by Wilkie, John Ritchie; Chambers, William Walker