By Edward G. Browne
Approximately 100 years considering its ebook, E. G. Browne's A Literary background of Persia is still a vintage paintings in English at the topic. Spanning 4 volumes, it took Browne over 25 years to jot down and when it concentrates on Persian literature, it surveys many elements of Persian tradition from pre-history to the 20th century. quantity one covers the interval from the earliest sessions of Persian heritage till Firdawsi (AD 935-1020) a hugely respected poet. quantity seems to be on the early medieval interval and particularly at the poet Saadi (1184-1283). quantity 3 specializes in the Tartar Dominion (1265-1502) and quantity 4 'Modern occasions' covers from 1500 to 1924. A awesome success upon first ebook, Cambridge collage Press is happy with a purpose to carry its version of this seminal paintings again into print.
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Extra resources for A Literary History of Persia, Vol. 2
A This means that while his hand accounted for his foes in battle, his generous heart knew no reckoning in the distribution of its bounty. " George Puttenham's definition and examples of aetiology " or' " tell-cause," as h e ,names i t in English, pp. 236-237 of Arber's reprint) hardly agree with the Persian figure, since he has in mind real, not imaginary, causes. T h e next figure, turd u 'aks, or "thrust and inversion," simply consists in the transposition in t h e second Tud o 'aka rntp-dCof the two halves of the first, thus :- T h e next verse illustrates the simple figure called tacajjub, " :~ ~ c ~ j j ~'(astonishment b.
Terminal) difference. ish :- " a Mihrijin (or Mihragin), 'I the month of Mithra," is the old Persian month corresponding roughly to our September. " 9. Az tri [email protected] ddrd, Wa'a tu a'dd-yi mulk-rri fimdr. "By thee [is effected] the cure of him who is sick with injustice. c;, the words bfjndr and tlmdr are Tajnis-1-khatti. the same in outline, and differ only in their diacritical points. 10. Juz glrnbdr-i-rtabard-i-lu nabarad Dida-i-'aql sunna-i-didrfr. " T h i s verse illustrates the isti'rira (" trope " or "simile "), the expression the eye of understanding " meaning Isti'ha.
I t is in reality Ishtlqbq. a variety of tajnh, or word-play, where the words upon which the poet plays appear to come from one root, but have really no common derivation. O f this figure of Prosonomasia, George Puttenham says, in his Arte of English Poesie (p. 212) :- T h e next three verses illustrate three varieties of say, or harmonious cadence " (literally, "the cooing of doves "), called respectively mutawdzi, mutarraf, Saj'. and mutawrfzin. I n the first, t h e words involved in the figure agree in measure and rhyme ; in the second, in rhyme only ; and in the third, in measure only, as follows :- " response," -mutawizi.
A Literary History of Persia, Vol. 2 by Edward G. Browne