New PDF release: A Brief History of the Wars of the Roses (Brief Histories)

By Desmond Seward

A vintage account of the bloody competition among the dynasties of York and Lancaster for the throne of England.

During the 15th century England used to be cut up in a bloody clash among the homes of York and Lancaster over who should still declare the crown. The civil wars ate up the entire country in a sequence of battles that finally observed the Tudor dynasty take energy. In A short heritage of the Wars of the Roses, Desmond Seward tells the tale of this complicated and unsafe interval of background throughout the lives of 5 women and men who skilled the clash first hand. In a gripping narrative the non-public trials of the crucial characters interweave with the foremost occasions and personalities of 1 of the main major turning issues in British heritage.

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Extra resources for A Brief History of the Wars of the Roses (Brief Histories)

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G8 A changing international arms trade environment The international arms market has had to adjust to the changing international system. Major arms exporters and importers shift with changes in the geo-political landscape. Although the countries of the Middle East continue to present lucrative opportunities for arms sales, countries in South Asia - particularly India and Pakistan - have now become leading arms importers. In the developing world between 2002 and 2005, for example, Asia was the largest recipient of new arms agreements,99 and India concluded nearly 18 per cent of all new arms transfer agreements and was the largest recipient of new arms agreements between 1998 and 2 0 0 5 .

Nearly thirty years later, in June 2007, the United States Congress banned all sales of F-14 spare parts, to avoid continued diversion of the parts to Iran. When the United States and the West cut off arms sales to Iran, Russia stepped in and discovered a lucrative and regular transfer partner. 'q Arms sales are often used as tools of foreign policy. During the Cold War, the United States and Soviet Union each filled the defence needs of their allies. "" In addition to the Warsaw Pact countries, the Soviet Union sold millions of dollars' worth of arms to Central American countries, many of which were involved in proxy civil wars.

4 Since the beginning of time, countries have sought weapons innovation to improve their military capacity. Arms are sought by countries preparing for conflict, replenishing supplies during conflict, rebuilding their armed forces after conflict and for self-defence. Countries also continually look to upgrade their existing systems or to modernize obsolete systems. Militaries can always find some new weapon they cannot live without, and governments are loath to admit their militaries are not the best-equipped with the latest technology.

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A Brief History of the Wars of the Roses (Brief Histories) by Desmond Seward

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